At one time I thought all primroses were pretty much the same but of course I was very mistaken. There are several types of primroses and more and more of them are becoming available through the nursery trade. Generally we think of primroses growing in English gardens where the climate is on the cooler and wetter side, but even in an arid garden you can find spots that will do just fine. Spring of course is cooler, which they enjoy, and small shady spots of even moisture will do the trick.
Here is a sampling of the primroses that I like to grow, and even the smallest patch is delightful in the spring garden. Some of these will seed themselves here and there and over the years the display just gets better. If your clumps get big enough to divide, do so in the very early spring.
Primula is a very large genus which is divided into many different botanical sections. To add to the mix many hybrids have been developed. The five main types of primula are Auricula, Candelabra, Acaulis, Polyanthus and Juliana.
Rosette forming, evergreen with scalloped gray-green leaves and large pink, reddish purple or white flowers sometimes flushed pink and a white centre. Hardy to zone 4. Blooms very early in the spring.
Often called drumstick primrose. Rosette-forming deciduous perennial spoon-shaped leaves and spherical umbels of bell shaped flowers with yellow eyes. Very hardy to zone 2. Blooms early in the season.
Rosette forming evergreen. Large, yellow centered, red, blue, orange, yellow, white or pink flowers. Zone 6.
Primula Gold Laced Group
One of my favorites. Erect, semi-evergreen with oval mid-green leaves and golden eyed, very dark mahogany-red or black flowers. Each petal has a narrow gold margin which makes them very unique. Hardy to zone 5.
PRIMULA BUCKLAND WINE
Compact, rosette forming semi-evergreen. Blooms early in the spring with solitary wine-red flowers. Hardy to zone 4.
PRIMULA JOKER SERIES
Compact, rosette forming evergreen. Flowers in a variety of bi-colours with strong yellow eyes. Blooms early and is hardy to zone 6.
Another favorite know as Cowslip. Rosette-forming semi-evergreen producing umbels of nodding, fragrant deep yellow or orange flowers. Hardy to zone 3.
Common primrose, semi-evergreen scalloped bright green leaves with soft under hairs. Clusters of fragrant flowers both single and double forms. Of the many hybrids available some of the best are ‘Marie Crousse’, ‘Miss Indigo’ and ‘Quaker’s Bonnet’ .
(some photos by pixabay)