We can never have enough garlic in our household and I would need a very large area to grow all that we use. I do contribute however by giving garlic a full row all to itself in the vegetable patch.This year I purchased my garlic seed bulbs at the farmers market from a local organic grower. I believe he said they were a type of Russian garlic, and his bulbs were picture perfect.
Planting garlic is very simple and should be done in the late fall, October is a good time. If planted too early the green stalks will start growing and may be damaged by winter temperatures. The most important thing to remember is not to plant your garlic in the same spot as the year before. It needs to be moved around to prevent the development of penicillium molds. Leave 4 years between same spot planting. Also, do not plant garlic bulbs purchased from the grocery store. They have often been treated to prevent sprouting.
Take your garlic bulb and separate it into the individual cloves. They should break apart relatively easily.
Dig a trench in the garden soil about 3 inches deep, and place your cloves about 6 inches apart with rows about 1 foot apart. Make sure you plant your cloves with the pointed ends UP.
Cover with soil and tap lightly. Water well and keep watered until fall freeze up. If you experience very cold temperatures over winter you can add a layer of mulch over your row, just remember to remove it in the spring.
It is always a good idea to place some kind of marker at the head of the row for easy reference in the spring. That’s it, you’re done until spring!